Ein Anderer Hitler
The following articles were written during 2008-2009-2010-2011 and published in The Barnes Review magazine. They are translations into English from EIN ANDERER HITLER by Hermann Giesler.
Confidant and personal architect to Adolf Hitler from 1942 to 1945, Hermann Giesler published his memoir Ein Anderer Hitler (Another Hitler) in 1977. There has never been an English translation. Here, for the first time, are selected chapters translated from the German, along with attached commentary, by Carolyn Yeager and Wilhelm Mann (Kriessmann).
Wilhelm Mann is a native-born German speaker and WWII scholar who served with the Luftwaffe from 1939-1945, during which time he was awarded the Iron Cross, first and second class. Please see the Wilhelm L. Kriessmann Archive for more on his fascinating life.
Brief Biography of Hermann Giesler
Compiled by Carolyn Yeager
Hermann Giesler was born in 1898 into a family of architects. He volunteered for the German Army in 1915, became a Lieutenant in the Pioneers (similar to the U.S. See-Bees) and ended as a WWI pilot. He completed his architectural study at the Munich Academy of Applied Art after the war.
Giesler was impressed by Oswald Spengler, whom he met in 1919 at a symposium at the Munich City Hall. In 1923 he married and had two sons. Beginning in 1930, he worked as an independent architect, winning several awards. He joined the NSDAP well before 1933.
In 1937 he gained a professorship, received the Grand Prix and gold medal for his architectural designs at the World Exhibition in Paris, and was assigned in 1938 to the overall design of Germany’s exhibits at the 1942 World Exhibition in Rome. That year, Adolf Hitler asked him to plan Munich’s architectural renovation, as well as to design and build his private residence at the Obersalzberg.
Later on, Giesler was put in charge of planning Hitler’s pet project, the city of Linz. He worked on plans and a large model for the Danube Development of the Banks, and on designs for the cultural center, which Hitler regarded with particular interest.
When war broke out, he was promoted to generalbaurat and given the task of construction for war-related building projects in the Balticum (Lithuania/Latvia/Estonia). In 1942-44 he was chief of the Organization Todt (OT) Group North and from 1944-45, chief of OT Group VI (Baviria, Upper and Lower Austria).
Giesler later wrote about the friction between himself and Hitler’s other architect, Albert Speer, during 1940-42. It started with Speer’s dominant control of building-material, labor and construction and ended with Speer going behind Giesler’s back to take over the Linz project. Giesler called Speer “the Cesar Borgia of the twentieth century.”
Giesler became a POW of the U.S. in 1945 and was interned for two years in Landsberg Prison, the same prison where Hitler was held in 1924. He was then prosecuted as a war criminal, receiving a life sentence at hard labor. Considered sufficiently “de-nazified” by 1952, he was released, after which he started his own business.
He published his memoir about his architectural and personal relationship with Hitler in 1977, and died in 1987.